The author of ad-Durra said, and
as for the hadeeth of Anas, "from the manners of the Prophethood is placing the right
hand upon the left below the navel" about which al-Aini said that it is reported by
ibn Hazm, then its sanad is not known so as to look into its narrators and see
if they are acceptable or not. And this hadeeth has been reported by more than one of the
Muhadditheen without the addition, "below the navel", and an addition (to the
wording of a hadeeth) is only acceptable from known and reliable narrators.
Ash-Shaikh Haashim as-Sindee said in his letter,
Diraahim as-Surra, and from them is what az-Zaahidee mentioned in his
Sharh al-Qudooree, and ibn Ameer al-Haaj and ibn Najeem mentioned in
al-Bahr ar-Raaiq, that it is reported from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) ,
"three are from the habit of the Messengers: hastening the iftaar, delaying the
suhoor, and placing the right hand upon the left below the navel in prayer." He said:
I have not come across the sanad to this hadeeth except that az-Zaahidee added that it is
reported by Alee bin Abu Taalib (RA) from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) . But ibn Ameer al-Haaj and ibn
Najeem said, "that the reporters of hadeeth do not know the wording, below the
navel from a marfoo or mawqoof narration."
So these ahaadeeth that are depended upon to place
the hands below the navel as you have come to know that none of them are correct to use as
Section 2: In mention of the one who sticks to
holding the hands above the navel.
I have not come across a marfu hadeeth that
lends evidence to this position. Yes there is the narration of Alee (RA) which indicates
this, as reported by Abu Dawood in his Sunan from Jareer ad-Dabbi who said,
I saw Alee grasping his left wrist with his right hand above the navel.
I say: this isnaad is saheeh or hasan, but it is the
action of Alee and is not marfu. Also the clear meaning of his saying, above
the navel is a place raised from the navel, i.e. upon the chest or near the chest,
as occurs in the hadeeth of Wail bin Hujr and the hadeeth of Halb at-Taaee and
the mursal of Tawwoos, and these three ahaadeeth will follow. And this interpretation is
supported by his (RA) tafseer of His saying, "wanhar" by placing the hands upon
the chest in the prayer as has preceded.
Section 3: In mention of the one who holds to
placing the hands upon the chest.
These depend on some ahaadeeth, from them the
hadeeth of Wail bin Hujr who said, I prayed with the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam)
and he placed his right hand upon his left on his chest in the prayer. Reported by
ibn Khuzaimah, and this hadeeth is authentic, authenticated by ibn Khuzaimah as was made
clear by ibn Sayyid an-Naas in his Sharh at-Tirmidhee. And ash-Shaikh Muhammad
Qaaim as-Sindee al-Hanafee acknowledges this in his letter, Fawz
al-Kiraam that this hadeeth fulfills the conditions of ibn Khuzaimah where he says,
I believe that this hadeeth fulfills the conditions of ibn Khuzaimah, and this is
strongly suggested in the manner of al-Haafidh in al-Ittihaaf, and is obvious
from the words of ibn Sayyid an-Naas after he mentioned the hadeeth of Wail bin Hujr
in Sharh at-Tirmidhee - "and ibn Khuzaimah authenticated it".
And ibn Ameer al-Haaj, who outdid his shaykh ibn
al-Hammaam in research and depth of investigation, said in Sharh al-Minniyyah,
What is established in the Sunnah is to place the right hand upon the left in
prayer, and there is no authentic hadeeth that establishes the place of placing them on
the body except the aforementioned hadeeth of Wail.
And this was likewise said by the author of
al-Bahr ar-Raaiq as is found in Fath al-Ghafoor of Shaikh
Hayat as-Sindee. And ash-Shawkanee said in Nail, and ibn Khuzaimah
reported in his Saheeh and authenticated it.
And al-Haafidh said in Fath al-Baaree ,
and he did not mention (i.e. Sahl bin Sad) the place to put them on the body.
And ibn Khuzaimah reported from Wail that "he placed them upon his chest",
and in al-Bazzaar (the wording is) "near his chest" (inda sadrihi), and
Ahmad reports a similar hadeeth from the hadeeth of Halb. And in the Zawaaid
al-Musnad is the hadeeth of Alee that he placed his hands below the navel and
its isnaad is daeef.